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Daviteq SMT Soil Moisture and NPK Sensor
LoRaWAN
Sigfox
Sub-GHz
NB-IoT

Daviteq SMT Soil Moisture and NPK Sensor

SMT

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1. Introduction

Overview

Daviteq SMT is a Soil Moisture and NPK sensor that can simultaneously monitor soil temperature, humidity, conductivity, salinity, nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium values in soil. By measuring the dielectric constant of the soil, it can directly and stably reflect the true moisture content of various soils. It can measure the volume percentage of soil moisture, which is a soil moisture measurement method that meets the current international standards. By measuring the electrical conductivity of the soil, the salinity reflects the salinity of the soil in time, and by measuring the nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium content of the soil, it reflects the nutrient status of the soil in time, providing data basis for scientific planting.

It has ultra-low power consumption to allow it to be integrated with Wireless Devices such as Sub-GHz transmitter, Sigfox transmitter, LoRaWAN transmitter, RS485 output transmitters, etc.

Highlight Features
  • The seven parameters of soil water content, electrical conductivity, salinity, temperature and nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are combined into one;

    • Low threshold, few steps, fast measurement, no reagents, unlimited detection times;

    • It can also be used for the conductivity of water and fertilizer-integrated solutions, and other nutrient solutions and substrates;

    • The electrode is made of specially processed alloy material, which can withstand strong external impact and is not easy to damage;

    • Completely sealed, and resistant to acid and alkali corrosion can be buried in soil or directly into the water for long-term measuring;

    • High precision, fast response, good interchangeability, probe plug-in design to ensure accurate measurement and reliable performance;

    • Typical Applications of Daviteq SMT Soil sensor.

Typical Applications of Daviteq SMT Soil Sensor

The SMT sensor is suitable for soil moisture monitoring, scientific experiments, water-saving irrigation, greenhouses, flowers and vegetables, grassland pastures, soil rapid testing, plant cultivation, sewage treatment, and precision agriculture...

Specification

  • Response time: <15s;

  • Conductivity temperature compensation: Built in temperature compensation sensor, compensation 

    range 0∼50℃;

  • Working temperature range: -40∼80℃;

  • Working humidity range: 0∼100% (Relative humidity, non-condensing);

  • Protection level: IP68;

  • Sensor material: ABS engineering plastic, epoxy resin, waterproof grade IP68

  • Electrodes Material: 316 stainless steel


SMT-01:
  • Moisture range/ accuracy/ resolution: 0∼100%, acc ±3.0% , res 0.01%

  • Temperature range/ accuracy/ resolution: -30∼70℃, acc ±0.3℃, res 0.1℃

  • Measurement Volume Dia.: 70mm x Height 70mm

  • Wetted materials: 316L SS & thermoplastic

  • Sensor Dimensions: 71x45x16mm with probes 70mm and signal cable 2m



SMT-07:
  • Moisture range/ accuracy/ resolution: 0∼100%, acc ±3.0% , res 0.01%

  • Temperature range / accuracy/ resolution: -3070℃, acc ±0.3℃, res 0.1°

  • EC range/ accuracy/ resolution: 0∼20mS/cm, acc ±2.0% span, res 0.1 mS/cm

  • Salinity range/ accuracy/ resolution: 0∼10,000 ppm, acc ±3.0% span, res 1 ppm

  • N-P-K range/ accuracy/ resolution: 01999mg/kg, acc ±2% span, res 1.0mg/kg

  • Measurement Volume Dia.: 70mm x Height 70mm

  • Wetted materials: 316L SS & thermoplastic

  • Sensor Dimensions: 71x45x16mm with probes 70mm and signal cable 2m


2. Principle of Operation

FDR (Frequency Domain Reflectometry) type sensor is mainly composed of a parallel arrangement of the metal bar as a capacitor. In which the soil acts as a dielectric, the capacitor and oscillator are composed of a high-frequency tuning circuit. The electromagnetic wave through the coaxial cable arrives at the probe, and the resonance frequency is detected by the frequency sweep circuit. The dielectric constant of the soil can be measured so that the soil water content is obtained. The dielectric constant of water is 80 F.m⁻¹ and the soil solid dielectric constant is 2∼5 F.m⁻¹; the dielectric constant of water is much bigger than soil. Therefore, the dielectric constant of soil is mainly affected by soil moisture content. Moisture content increases, the soil dielectric constant will increase accordingly, and the frequency of the electromagnetic wave propagation will change.

Besides the moisture content, the sensor also can measure the electrical conductivity of the soil and calculate the other parameters like Salinity, N, P, and K (only applied for SMT-07).

3. Calibration

The Daviteq SMT Soil Sensor is pre-calibrated with standard soil before shipping. Users can make further adjustments/ calibrations in their software or reading device to meet higher accuracy for their specific soil.

4. Application Notes

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5. Installation Notes

General Notes:
  • FDR sensors need to have good contact with the medium they measure with no air gaps. All the metal electrodes must be inserted into the soil during measurement;

  • Avoid direct sunlight on the sensor, which will cause excessive temperature;

  • Do not bend the metal electrodes violently, do not pull the sensor lead wire with force, and do not beat or violently impact the sensor;

  • The protection grade of the sensor is IP68, which can soak the sensor in water;

  • Since the electrode directly measures the conductivity of the soluble salt ions in the soil, the soil volumetric water content must be higher than about 20% when the soluble ions in the soil can accurately reflect the conductivity of the soil. In the long-term observation, the measured value after irrigation or rainfall is closer to the true level. If you are performing a quick test, you can water the soil to be tested first, and perform the measurement after the water is fully penetrated;

  • The sensor should be protected from severe vibration and impact, let alone knocked with hard objects.


Soil Surface Measurement:

- Clean the soil surface by removing the debris, and vegetation...

- Insert the electrodes completely in the soil, as in the below picture;

- If you measure on a hard surface, you should drill a hole first (the hole diameter should be smaller than the probe diameter), then insert it into the soil and compact the soil before measuring;


Multi-layer Measurement

- Make a soil profile in the vertical direction, slightly deeper than the installation depth of the bottommost sensor, between 20cm and 50cm in diameter;

- Insert the probes horizontally at different layers of soil;

- After the installation is completed, the excavated soil is backfilled in order, layered, and compacted, and horizontal installation is guaranteed.

6. Troubleshooting

1. The measured value is not within the expected value

1.1 The soil is not compact: make sure the soil is compact and there are no air gaps between the soil and electrodes  

1.2 The soil is special Calibrate or adjust the reading values on software or reading device based on the actual values of that soil;

1.3 The sensor was spoiled: please consult the manufacturer for a warranty or replacement.


2. The measured values of EC, Salinity, and NPK are always zero or near zero (only applied for SMT-07)

2.1 The soil moisture is too low, less than 20%. Therefore the circuit cannot measure the electrical conductivity of the soil: watering the soil and/or keep holding the last values of EC, Salinity, and NPK in the Software system or reading device;

2.2 The sensor was spoiled: please consult the manufacturer for a warranty or replacement.


3. HW_Error = 1

3.1 Loosed connection of sensor probe and wireless transmitter: check the sensor cable and connector;

3.2 The sensor probe got a problem: please consult the manufacturer for a warranty or replacement.

7. Maintenance

The SMT soil sensor is a maintenance-free sensor. 

8. Default Configuration